Today we remember those who have served in the armed forces; in some parts of the world this is called Remembrance Day or Armistice Day.
I have already written about the music written for those who made the ultimate sacrifice. Music has also been written for those who survived, but who paid a terrible price.
In The Wound Dresser, John Adams sets the poetry of Walt Whitman, who as a volunteer nurse cared for Civil War soldiers. You can hear John Adams talk about his composition here.
The pianist Paul Wittgenstein lost his right arm in World War I. He approached a number of composers, commissioning works written for the piano using the left hand alone. Ravel wrote the Piano Concerto for the Left Hand. Erich Korngold wrote a piano concerto that Wittgenstein liked so much (Op. 17), he commissioned a second, a suite for two violins, cello, and piano (Op. 23). Benjamin Britten’s Diversions for piano left hand and orchestra (Op. 21) was also written for Wittgenstein, as was Prokofiev’s Concerto No 4. In all, Wittgenstein commissioned around 40 pieces for piano left hand.
Frank Bridge wrote Three Improvisations for his friend Douglas Fox who lost his arm in World War I.
Leoš Janáček (Capriccio for Piano and Winds) and Bohuslav Martinů (Divertimento for Piano and Chamber Orchestra) wrote music for Czech pianist Otakar Hollman, whose right hand was permanently injured in World War I (Hollman plays in the links given above). For more on the genre of piano left hand music, see the articles referenced below, and the lefthandpianomusic YouTube channel.
The music I want to feature today is by George Butterworth, considered one of the promising composers of the early 20th century. I was surprised in my research to find film of Butterworth dancing—he was a Morris dancer. The film dates from 1912. Butterworth was cut down by a sniper’s bullet during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Here is Butterworth’s The Banks of Green Willow.
A heartfelt thank you to all those who have served, and may all those who now serve come home safely.
Freedom isn’t free.
Wounded Warriors Family Support http://www.wwfs.org/wounded-warriors-family-support/information-main/about-us
Fisher House Foundation https://www.fisherhouse.org/about/
Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS) http://www.taps.org/about/
Image attribution: Detail of poster created for Veterans Day 2008 by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (http://www1.va.gov/opa/vetsday/gallery.asp) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVeterans_day_2008_poster.jpg